Physical activity of UK adults with chronic disease: Cross-sectional analysis of accelerometer-measured physical activity in 96 706 UK Biobank participants

Joseph Barker, Karl Smith Byrne, Aiden Doherty, Charlie Foster, Kazem Rahimi, Mark Ramakrishnan, Mark Woodward, Terence Dwyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
230 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Physical inactivity is associated with an increased risk of major chronic diseases, however uncertainty exists about which chronic diseases, themselves, might contribute to physical inactivity. The objective of this study was to compare the physical activity of those with chronic diseases to healthy individuals using an objective measure of physical activity.
Methods
We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from 96 706 participants aged 40 years or older from the UK Biobank prospective cohort study (2006 – 2010). Diagnoses were identified through ICD 9 and 10 coding within hospital admission records and cancer registry linked to UK Biobank participants. We extracted summary physical activity information from participants who wore a wrist-worn triaxial accelerometer for seven days. Statistical analyses included computation of adjusted geometric means and means using general linear models.
Results
Participants with chronic disease undertook 9% or 61 minutes (95% confidence interval [CI]: 57.8-64.8) less moderate activity and 11% or three minutes (95% CI: 2.7-3.3) less vigorous activity per week than individuals without chronic disease. Participants in every chronic disease subgroup took less physical activity than those without chronic disease. Sixty-seven diagnoses within these subgroups were associated with lower moderate activity.
Conclusions
The cross-sectional association of physical activity with chronic disease is broad. Given the substantial health benefits of being physically active, clinicians and policymakers should be aware that their patients with any chronic disease are at greater health risk from other diseases than anticipated because of their physical inactivity.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberdyy294
Pages (from-to)1167-1174
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Volume48
Issue number4
Early online date5 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Structured keywords

  • SPS Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences

Keywords

  • Physical activity
  • Accelerometry
  • Chronic Disease

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