Plant ER geometry and dynamics: biophysical and cytoskeletal control during growth and biotic response

Lawrence R Griffing, Congping Lin, Chiara Perico, Rhiannon R White, Imogen Sparkes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

292 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an intricate and dynamic network of membrane tubules and cisternae. In plant cells, the ER 'web' pervades the cortex and endoplasm and is continuous with adjacent cells as it passes through plasmodesmata. It is therefore the largest membranous organelle in plant cells. It performs essential functions including protein and lipid synthesis, and its morphology and movement are linked to cellular function. An emerging trend is that organelles can no longer be seen as discrete membrane-bound compartments, since they can physically interact and 'communicate' with one another. The ER may form a connecting central role in this process. This review tackles our current understanding and quantification of ER dynamics and how these change under a variety of biotic and developmental cues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-56
Number of pages14
JournalProtoplasma
Volume254
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Biophysical Phenomena
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Models, Biological
  • Plant Development
  • Plants
  • Journal Article
  • Review

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