Plasma glutathione suggests oxidative stress is equally present in early and late onset bipolar disorder

Nisha Singh*, Hannah McMahon, Amy Bilderbeck, Zoe E. Reed, Elizabeth Tunbridge, Daniel Brett, John R. Geddes, Grant C. Churchill, Guy M. Goodwin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
152 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objectives: We previously demonstrated oxidative stress in bipolar patients and a relationship between the age of illness onset and glutathione, a principal antioxidant. In this study, we sought to replicate these findings in a new cohort of patients. Methods: We recruited bipolar patients from the OXTEXT cohort, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK, of similar age and grouped them according to age of onset of illness. The early onset group comprised patients with onset <23 years, and the late group > 30 years. A third group, comprising age-matched healthy volunteers, was also included. Reduced and oxidised glutathione, cysteine, and cystine were determined in plasma, using high performance liquid chromatography. Mitochondrial DNA copy number, measured in whole blood, was also compared between patients and healthy controls. Results: Significant increases in oxidative stress were observed in the patient groups, compared with the control group; however, no differences in glutathione-related oxidative stress measures were detected between the early and late onset bipolar patient groups. No differences were observed in the amount of mitochondrial DNA, and there was no correlation with mood state. Conclusion: Using a more accurate method to quantify oxidative stress than in our previous study, we show that oxidative stress is a consistent feature of bipolar disorder. Although we did not reproduce our finding correlating age of onset of illness to oxidative stress, we have shown, once again, that oxidative stress is a consistent feature of bipolar disorder.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalBipolar Disorders
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • bipolar disorder
  • glutathione
  • oxidative stress
  • plasma redox state

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