Pneumonia from Angiostrongylus vasorum infection in a red panda (Ailurus fulgens fulgens)

JC Patterson-Kane, LM Gibbons, R Jefferies, ER Morgan, N Wenzlow, SP Redrobe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


A 9-year-old, male, captive red panda (Ailurus fulgens fulgens) in an urban zoo in the United Kingdom presented with respiratory distress and weight loss. The animal was euthanatized, and a postmortem examination was performed. The lungs were diffusely consolidated with extensive mineralization. Microscopically, there was extensive obliteration of normal pulmonary architecture by sheets and coalescing nodules of partially mineralized fibrous tissue and granulomatous inflammation centered on large numbers of nematode larvae and eggs. First stage nematode larvae were isolated from lung tissue and were characterized as Angiostrongylus vasorum on the basis of their morphology and sequencing of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene and the entire second internal transcribed spacer. Although A. vasorum has previously been reported in red pandas in a zoological collection in Denmark, this study is the first reported case in the United Kingdom and occurs against a background of geographical spread and increased incidence of disease in domestic and wild canids. Angiostrongylus vasorum should be considered a differential diagnosis for respiratory disease in the red panda and taken into account when planning parasite and pest control programs for zoological collections.
Translated title of the contributionPneumonia from Angiostrongylus vasorum infection in a red panda (Ailurus fulgens fulgens)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270 - 273
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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