In the field of optical trapping and micromanipulation it is well known that linearly polarized Gaussian beams, which possess no inherent angular momentum, can exert an orienting torque on optically or geometrically anisotropic particles. Conservation of angular momentum requires that the application of such a torque be compensated for by an equivalent, and opposite, angular momentum flux in the beam. In the following paper we analyze this effect in terms of both the scattered field, and the mechanical torque experienced by the particle. It is demonstrated that, in general, the scattered field has a complicated form, carrying both spin and orbital angular momentum. However, we show that the variation of torque with rotation angle is identically equal to A+B sin(2 alpha+beta) for arbitrarily shaped particles, where A, B, and beta are constants and alpha is the angular displacement of the major axis of the particle from the polarization direction. The scattered field, and the mechanical torque, are seen to reduce to qualitatively distinct forms that depend on the symmetry group of the scattering particle. Our findings are verified and illustrated by a series of numerical calculations of the forces and torques experienced by arbitrarily shaped particles trapped in linearly polarized Gaussian beams.
|Translated title of the contribution||Polarization-induced torque in optical traps|
|Pages (from-to)||043408-1 - 043408-14|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2007|