Polyurethane scaffolds seeded with CD34+ cells maintain early stem cells whilst also facilitating prolonged egress of haematopoietic progenitors

Charlie E Severn, Hugo Macedo, Mark Eagle, Paul Rooney, Athanasios Mantalaris, Ash M Toye

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Abstract

We describe a 3D erythroid culture system that utilises a porous polyurethane (PU) scaffold to mimic the compartmentalisation found in the bone marrow. PU scaffolds seeded with peripheral blood CD34+ cells exhibit a remarkable reproducibility of egress, with an increased output when directly compared to human bone scaffolds over 28 days. Immunofluorescence demonstrated the persistence of CD34+ cells within the scaffolds for the entirety of the culture. To characterise scaffold outputs, we designed a flow cytometry panel that utilises surface marker expression observed in standard 2D erythroid and megakaryocyte cultures. This showed that the egress population is comprised of haematopoietic progenitor cells (CD36+)GPA-/low). Control cultures conducted in parallel but in the absence of a scaffold were also generally maintained for the longevity of the culture albeit with a higher level of cell death. The harvested scaffold egress can also be expanded and differentiated to the reticulocyte stage. In summary, PU scaffolds can behave as a subtractive compartmentalised culture system retaining and allowing maintenance of the seeded "CD34+ cell" population despite this population decreasing in amount as the culture progresses, whilst also facilitating egress of increasingly differentiated cells.
Original languageEnglish
Article number32149
Number of pages12
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2016

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Keywords

  • Haematopoietic stem cells
  • Stem-cell differentiation

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