Population divergence with or without admixture: selecting models using an ABC approach

V. C. Sousa, M. A. Beaumont, P. Fernandes, M. M. Coelho, L. Chikhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genetic data have been widely used to reconstruct the demographic history of populations, including the estimation of migration rates, divergence times and relative admixture contribution from different populations. Recently, increasing interest has been given to the ability of genetic data to distinguish alternative models. One of the issues that has plagued this kind of inference is that ancestral shared polymorphism is often difficult to separate from admixture or gene flow. Here, we applied an approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) approach to select the model that best fits microsatellite data among alternative splitting and admixture models. We performed a simulation study and showed that with reasonably large data sets (20 loci) it is possible to identify with a high level of accuracy the model that generated the data. This suggests that it is possible to distinguish genetic patterns due to past admixture events from those due to shared polymorphism (population split without admixture). We then apply this approach to microsatellite data from an endangered and endemic Iberian freshwater fish species, in which a clustering analysis suggested that one of the populations could be admixed. In contrast, our results suggest that the observed genetic patterns are better explained by a population split model without admixture. Heredity (2012) 108, 521-530; doi:10.1038/hdy.2011.116; published online 7 December 2011

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-530
Number of pages10
JournalHeredity
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

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