Post-Marital Residence Patterns Show Lineage-Specific Evolution

Jirka Moravec, Quentin D. Atkinson, Claire Bowern, Simon J Greenhill, Fiona Jordan, Robert Ross, Russell D Gray, Stephen Marsland, Murray Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

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Abstract

Where a newly-married couple lives, termed post-marital residence, varies cross-culturally and changes over time. While many factors have been proposed as drivers of this change, among them general features of human societies like warfare, migration and gendered division of subsistence labour, little is known about whether changes in residence patterns exhibit global regularities. Here, we study ethnographic observations of post-marital residence in societies from five large language families (Austronesian, Bantu, Indo-European, Pama-Nyungan and Uto-Aztecan), encompassing 371 ethnolinguistic groups ranging widely in local ecologies and lifeways, and covering over half the world's population and geographical area. We apply Bayesian comparative methods to test the hypothesis that post-marital residence patterns have evolved in similar ways across different geographical regions. By reconstructing past post-marital residence states, we compare transition rates and models of evolution across groups, while integrating the historical descent relationships of human societies. We find that each language family possesses its own best fitting model, demonstrating that the mode and pace of post-marital residence evolution is lineage-specific rather than global.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-601
Number of pages8
JournalEvolution and Human Behavior
Volume39
Issue number6
Early online date18 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

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Keywords

  • Kinship
  • Post-marital residence
  • Bayesian Phylogenetics
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison

Cite this

Moravec, J., Atkinson, Q. D., Bowern, C., Greenhill, S. J., Jordan, F., Ross, R., Gray, R. D., Marsland, S., & Cox, M. (2018). Post-Marital Residence Patterns Show Lineage-Specific Evolution. Evolution and Human Behavior, 39(6), 594-601. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2018.06.002