Post-synthetic modification of zirconium metal–organic frameworks by catalyst-free aza-Michael additions

Harina Amer Hamzah, Andrew D. Burrows, Tom Crickmore, Daniel Rixson

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The reactions of the zirconium MOF [Zr6O4(OH)4(bdc-NH2)6] (UiO-66-NH2, bdc-NH2 = 2-amino-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate) with the Michael acceptors acrylonitrile (CH2[double bond, length as m-dash]CHCN), acrylic acid (CH2[double bond, length as m-dash]CHCO2H), methyl acrylate (CH2[double bond, length as m-dash]CHCO2Me) and methyl vinyl ketone (CH2[double bond, length as m-dash]CHC(O)Me) led to post-synthetic modification of the MOF through C–N bond formation without loss of crystallinity. The reactions with acrylonitrile and acrylic acid go to completion, yielding [Zr6O4(OH)4(bdc-NHCH2CH2CN)6] (UiO-66-AN, 1) and [Zr6O4(OH)4(bdc-NHCH2CH2CO2H)6] (UiO-66-AA, 2) respectively, whereas those with methyl acrylate and methyl vinyl ketone are incomplete, yielding [Zr6O4(OH)4(bdc-NH2)0.66(bdc-NHCH2CH2CO2Me)5.34] (UiO-66-MA, 3) and [Zr6O4(OH)4(bdc-NH2)2.76(bdc-NHCH2CH2C(O)Me)3.24] (UiO-66-MVK, 4), respectively. The acrylonitrile-modified MOF UiO-66-AN undergoes further reaction with sodium azide in the presence of zinc(II) chloride in n-butanol to form the tetrazolate-modified MOF [Zr6O4(OH)4(bdc-NHCH2CH2CN)4.74(bdc-NHCH2CH2CN4H)1.26] (UiO-66-TZ, 5).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14491-14496
Number of pages6
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number41
Early online date26 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2018

Structured keywords

  • Bristol Composites Institute ACCIS

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