Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe

A. Levermann, JL Bamber, S. Drijfhout, A. Ganapolski, W. Haeberli, N.R.P. Harris, M. Huss, K. Kruger, T.M. Lenton, R.W. Lindsay, D. Ntoz, P. Wadhams, S. Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


We discuss potential transitions of six climatic subsystems with large-scale impact on Europe, sometimes denoted as tipping elements. These are the ice sheets on Greenland and West Antarctica, the Atlantic thermohaline circulation, Arctic sea ice, Alpine glaciers and northern hemisphere stratospheric ozone. Each system is represented by co-authors actively publishing in the corresponding field. For each subsystem we summarize themechanism of a potential transition in a warmer climate along with its impact on Europe and assess the likelihood for such a transition based on published scientific literature. As a summary, the ‘tipping’ potential for each system is provided as a function of global mean temperature increase which required some subjective interpretation of scientific facts by the authors and should be considered as a snapshot of our current understanding
Translated title of the contributionPotential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe
Original languageEnglish
JournalClimatic Change
Publication statusPublished - 2011


Dive into the research topics of 'Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this