Precise and Accurate Mass-independent Chromium Isotope Measurement by Total Evaporation Mode on Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TE-TIMS) at 200 ng Level

Li Juan Xu, Ke Zhu*, Qian Ru Man, Jamie Lewis, Haibo Ma, Sheng Ao Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Mass-independent chromium (Cr) isotope ratios measurements have been widely used in dating early solar system events and tracing the genetic relationships between different solar system, as well as terrestrial materials. Current analytical techniques need relatively large sample sizes, and this limits the application of Cr isotopes on precious mission return samples and some Cr-poor samples (e.g., BCR-2 with Cr contents of ~15 ppm). This paper reports a novel analytical method for mass-independent Cr isotopic ratios measurements using a Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer (TIMS) operated in total evaporation (TE) mode. A three-step cation column (AG 50W-X12 resin, 200−400 mesh) chemistry is used to purify Cr in various samples, including chondrites, basalts and peridotites, and the Cr yield is better than 92%. Residual organics from column resins is detrimental to Cr ionization on filaments, we demonstrate that this can be effectively removed by treating samples with H2O2 at 40OC on hotplate. Single Cr measurements on rhenium filaments consume 15 to 20 ng of Cr and sustain52Cr of ~10V for 10 to 20 minutes. Generally, for one sample of 200 ng Cr, 10−15 ng repeated measurements can be made and 2-standard error precisions of ~ 0.05 and ~ 0.10 for ε53Cr and ε54Cr*, respectively can be achieved. The reproducibility (the 2-standard deviation) for ε53Cr and ε54Cr is 0.05 and 0.07, respectively, tested by multiple measurements for DTS-2b (USGS dunite) and NWA 7734 (ordinary chondrite). Concentration and doping test (mainly for Fe) have also been conducted. These tests show that the Fe/Cr must be < 5 % and the measured56Fe/52Cr<1 ‰ in order to achieve accurate ε54Cr. Finally, the ε53Cr and ε54Cr values measured by normal method on TIMS are systematically higher than those measured by total evaporation method on TIMS, which is potentially caused by non-kinetic mass-dependent fractionation during Cr evaporation and ionization on TIMS. The TE method could reduce this effect that may cause inaccurate mass-independent Cr isotope data on TIMS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-152
Number of pages11
JournalAtomic Spectroscopy
Volume44
Issue number3
Early online date25 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Dr. Heng-Ci Tian (Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, IGG, CAS) for providing some of the analyzed samples. This work is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2019YFA0708400) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41730214, 41403010 and 41622303). This work is also supported by the State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences (MSFGPMR201811) to L.-J. Xu, and the MOST Special Fund from the State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences (2652018049 to L.-J. Xu). K. Z. thanks an Alexander von Humboldt postdoc fellowship, EU Marie Curie Postdoc Fellowship (101108162), and a UK STFC grant (ST/V000888/1). K. Zhu acknowledges Martin Bizzarro and Harry Becker for the providing the training opportunities in their TIMS labs.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, Atomic Spectroscopy Press Limited. All rights reserved.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Precise and Accurate Mass-independent Chromium Isotope Measurement by Total Evaporation Mode on Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TE-TIMS) at 200 ng Level'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this