Precision of Le Fort I osteotomy: planning versus outcome. A multi-centre retrospective study

Stefan Abela, David Tewson, Sharon Prince, Martyn Sherriff, Dirk Bister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Le Fort I surgery by comparing planned surgical movements with actual outcomes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A minimum number of seven consecutive cases that had undergone a Le Fort I osteotomy procedure alone or in combination with a mandibular osteotomy from six different hospital units in the East of England between 2009 and 2010 were identified. A total of 56 cases met the inclusion criteria where surgical splints were used and model surgery had been performed. Pre- and post-operative lateral cephalograms were digitised using Dolphin(©) imaging software (Version 10.0) and three cephalometric points were assessed to measure precision of surgical movements: A point (A-pt); Upper incisor tip (U1 tip); and Upper first molar occlusal point (U6 occ). The final position of the maxilla was compared to the planned position.

RESULTS: In 71% of cases surgical movements were within 2 mm and 20% of this group were within 1 mm of the predicted position. The mean accuracy was 1.39 mm (SD 0.92 mm) for the former and 0.78 mm (SD 0.58 mm) for the latter. Accuracy correlated negatively with increased surgical complexity, particularly posterior differential impactions of the maxilla. There was no statistically significant difference between centres.

CONCLUSIONS: Pre-operative surgical planning of Le Fort I osteotomies was generally accurate. This study demonstrates that different operators across six centres produced consistent surgical outcomes and this confirms previously reported data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthodontics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017


  • Journal Article


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