A catchment-wide soil moisture index based on spatially distributed point measurements of soil moisture is used to describe the temporal trend in regional soil moisture status in a 26 km(2) catchment in south-eastern Australia. The temporal variation in runoff, evaporation and soil moisture storage is simulated with a modification of the lumped SFB water balance model of Boughton (1984), which assumes a fixed bucket size, and with the variable infiltration capacity (VIC) model of Wood et al. (1992), which assumes a variable bucket representation. Comparison of simulated catchment soil moisture storage and the soil moisture index based on measurements indicates that both models can make useful predictions of soil moisture status at the catchment scale, with the VIC model performing slightly better than the SFB model. It is also shown that the quasi-distributed VIC model can predict the relative wetness at individual locations, given their relative frequency of occurrence, thus allowing the disaggregation of catchment-scale storage values to point-scale soil moisture values.
|Number of pages||23|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|