Predicting the structure of screw dislocations in nanoporous materials

AM Walker, B Slater, JD Gale, K Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extended microscale crystal defects, including dislocations and stacking faults, can radically alter the properties of technologically important materials. Determining the atomic structure and the influence of defects on properties remains a major experimental and computational challenge. Using a newly developed simulation technique, the structure of the 1/2a screw dislocation in nanoporous zeolite A has been modelled. The predicted channel structure has a spiral form that resembles a nanoscale corkscrew. Our findings suggest that the dislocation will enhance the transport of molecules from the surface to the interior of the crystal while retarding transport parallel to the surface. Crucially, the dislocation creates an activated, locally chiral environment that may have enantioselective applications. These predictions highlight the influence that microscale defects have on the properties of structurally complex materials, in addition to their pivotal role in crystal growth.
Translated title of the contributionPredicting the structure of screw dislocations in nanoporous materials
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715 - 720
JournalNature Materials
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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