Prediction of crack propagation and arrest in X100 natural gas transmission pipelines with a strain rate dependent damage model (SRDD). Part 2: Large scale pipe models with gas depressurisation

F. Oikonomidis, A. Shterenlikht*, C. E. Truman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

12 Citations (Scopus)
37 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Part 1 of this paper described a specimen for the measurement of high strain rate flow and fracture properties of pipe material and for tuning a strain rate dependent damage model (SRDD). In part 2 the tuned SRDD model is used for the simulation of axial crack propagation and arrest in X100 natural gas pipelines. Linear pressure drop model was adopted behind the crack tip, and an exponential gas depressurisation model was used ahead of the crack tip. The model correctly predicted the crack initiation (burst) pressure, the crack speed and the crack arrest length. Strain rates between 1000s-1 and 3000s-1 immediately ahead of the crack tip are predicted, giving a strong indication that a strain rate material model is required for the structural integrity assessment of the natural gas pipelines. The models predict the stress triaxiality of about 0.65 for at least 1m ahead of the crack tip, gradually dropping to 0.5 at distances of about 5-7m ahead of the crack tip. Finally, the models predicted a linear drop in crack tip opening angle (CTOA) from about 11-12° at the onset of crack propagation down to 7-8° at crack arrest. Only the lower of these values agree with those reported in the literature for quasi-static measurements. This discrepancy might indicate substantial strain rate dependence in CTOA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
Volume122
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Arrest
  • Crack propagation
  • Crack speed
  • Dynamic fracture
  • Finite element
  • Gas depressurisation
  • High strain rate
  • Pipeline
  • Strain rate dependent damage model
  • X100 steel

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