Upscaling wind turbines has resulted in levelised cost of energy (LCoE) reductions. However, larger turbine diameters pose significant design challenges, often with conflicting requirements. For example, non-linear dynamics of aeroelastic tailored blades must be accurately predicted whilst, for the sake of efficient gradient-based design, it is also desirable to simplify the numerical definition of such blades—keeping design variables (DVs) to a minimum. This work presents and validates two features of the ATOM code (Aeroelastic Turbine Optimisation Methods), developed at the University of Bristol, that enable accurate and efficient modelling of large-scale wind turbine blades. Both an efficient parameterisation method and high-order beam elements illustrate the capacity for increasing the speed of gradient evaluations whilst accurately predicting blade dynamics—either by reducing DVs or simulation time. As a preliminary validation, aero-servo-elastic simulations from ATOM and an industry standard software—DNV GL Bladed—are compared against field measurements gathered froman existing 7 MW turbine.
Scott, S., Macquart, T., Rodriguez, C., Greaves, P., Mckeever, P., Weaver, P., & Pirrera, A. (2019). Preliminary validation of ATOM: an aero-servo-elastic design tool for next generation wind turbines. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1222, . https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1222/1/012012