To investigate the effect of preoperative volume replacement therapy (VRT) on renal function, health outcome and time to fitness for discharge in diabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
In 2 parallel randomized controlled trials, diabetic patients were allocated to preoperative VRT (1 ml/kg/h of Hartmann's solution for 12 h) or usual care. Primary outcome was time to fitness for discharge. Secondary outcomes included acute kidney injury, postoperative complications, patient-reported quality of life (QoL), hospital resource use and markers of renal, cardiac and inflammatory injury.
In total, 169 patients were randomized (84 VRT, 85 usual care; mean age 64 years; 88% male). Time to fitness for discharge was similar between groups [median 6 days; interquartile range 5.0-9.0 in both groups; hazard ratio 0.95, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.65-1.38; P = 0.78]. Postoperative acute kidney injury was not statistically different (VRT: 27.7% vs usual care: 18.8%, odds ratio 1.72, 95% CI 0.82-3.59; P = 0.15). Estimated glomerular filtration rate (mean difference -0.92, 95% CI -4.18 to 2.25; P = 0.56), microalbumin/creatinine ratio [geometric mean ratio (GMR) 1.16, 95% CI 0.94-1.42; P = 0.16], N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase (GMR 1.08, 95% CI 0.83-1.40; P = 0.57), C-reactive protein (GMR 1.00, 95% CI 0.88-1.13; P = 0.94), troponin T (Trop-T; GMR 1.18, 95% CI 0.78-1.79; P = 0.39) and other secondary health outcomes were similar between groups. QoL improved in both groups at 3 months with no difference observed.
The use of preoperative VRT is not superior to usual care in diabetic patients undergoing CABG.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:
- BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)
- Coronary artery bypass grafting
- diabetes mellitus
- renal failure
- volume replacement therapy