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Cadmium arsenide (Cd3As2) hosts massless Dirac electrons in its ambient-condition tetragonal phase. We report x-ray diffraction and electrical resistivity measurements of Cd3As2 upon cycling pressure beyond the critical pressure of the tetragonal phase and back to ambient conditions. We find that, at room temperature, the transition between the low- and high-pressure phases results in large microstrain and reduced crystallite size, both on rising and falling pressure. This leads to nonreversible electronic properties, including self-doping associated with defects and a reduction of the electron mobility by an order of magnitude due to increased scattering. This paper indicates that the structural transformation is sluggish and shows a sizable hysteresis of over 1 GPa. Therefore, we conclude that the transition is first-order reconstructive, with chemical bonds being broken and rearranged in the high-pressure phase. Using the diffraction measurements, we demonstrate that annealing at ∼200 ∘C greatly improves the crystallinity of the high-pressure phase. We show that its Bragg peaks can be indexed as a primitive orthorhombic lattice with aHP≈8.68 Å, bHP≈17.15 Å, and cHP≈18.58 Å. The diffraction study indicates that, during the structural transformation, a new phase with another primitive orthorhombic structure may also be stabilized by deviatoric stress, providing an additional venue for tuning the unconventional electronic states in Cd3As2.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to thank Ingo Loa for valuable discussion and Charles Clapham and Chris Bell for technical support. This paper was partially supported by the EPSRC under Grants No. EP/R011141/1, No. EP/L025736/1, No. EP/N026691/1, as well as the ERC Horizon 2020 programme under Grant No. 715262-HPSuper. We acknowledge Diamond Light Source for time on beamline I15 under proposal EE19319-1.
© 2021 American Physical Society.
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
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1/12/17 → 7/01/22
1/07/16 → 30/06/18