Prestroke Disability Predicts Adverse Poststroke Outcome: A Registry-Based Prospective Cohort Study of Acute Stroke

Thang S Han*, Chris H Fry, Giosue Gulli, Brendan Affley, Jonathan Robin, Melanie Irvin-Sellers, David Fluck, Puneet Kakar, Sapna Sharma, Pankaj Sharma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
63 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background and Purpose— Information on what effect disability before stroke can have on stroke outcome is lacking. We assessed prestroke disability in relation to poststroke hospital outcome. Methods— Analysis of prospectively collected data from the Sentinel Stroke National Audit Programme. A total of 1656 men (mean age ±SD =73.1±13.2 years) and 1653 women (79.3±13.0 years) were admitted to hyperacute stroke units with acute stroke in 4 major UK between 2014 and 2016. Prestroke disability, assessed by modified Rankin Scale (mRS), was tested against poststroke adverse outcomes, adjusted for age, sex, and coexisting morbidities. Results— Compared with patients with prestroke mRS score =0, individuals with prestroke mRS scores =3, 4, or 5 had greater adjusted risks of moderately severe or severe stroke on arrival (4.4% versus 16.7%; odds ratio [OR], 3.2 [95% CI, 2.3–4.6] P<0.001); urinary tract infection or pneumonia within 7 days of admission (9.6% versus 35.9%; OR, 3.7 [95% CI, 2.8–4.8] P<0.001); mortality (7.2% versus 37.1%; OR, 4.9 [95% CI, 3.7–6.5] P<0.001); requiring help with activities of daily living on discharge (12.3% versus 26.7%; OR, 3.1 [95% CI, 2.3–4.1] P<0.001); and transferred to new care home (2.4% versus 9.4%; OR, 2.1 [95% CI, 1.3–3.3] P=0.002). Patients with mRS scores =1 or 2 had intermediate risk of adverse outcomes. Overall, those with a mRS score =1 or 2 had length of stay on hyperacute stroke units extended by 5.3 days (95% CI, 2.8–7.7; P<0.001) and mRS score =3, 4 or 5 by 7.2 days (95% CI, 4.0–10.5; P<0.001). Conclusions— Individuals with evidence of prestroke disability, assessed by mRS, had significantly increased risk of poststroke adverse outcomes and longer length of stay on hyperacute stroke units and higher level of care on discharge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594–600
Number of pages7
JournalStroke
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • mRS
  • mortality
  • NIHSS
  • prolonged length of stay
  • nosocomial infections

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