Prevalence and correlates of domestic violence among people seeking treatment for self-harm: data from a regional self-harm register

Tom Dalton, Dee Knipe, Gene S Feder, Salena Williams, David Gunnell, Paul Moran

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that there is an association between domestic violence (DV) and self-harm (SH). Yet, the prevalence and clinical significance of DV among individuals presenting acutely to hospital with self-harm in the UK is unknown.

METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using registry data in order to describe the prevalence of DV within a UK population of individuals presenting to the emergency department (ED) with SH (n=1142).

RESULTS: 11.1% (95% CI 9.4% – 13.1%) of the sample reported DV. Those reporting DV were more likely to be female and separated from a partner. DV was associated with self-poisoning and with previous occurrence of SH.

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that DV victimisation is more prevalent among those presenting to ED with self-harm compared the general population of ED attenders, and that the presence of DV may signify increased risk among those presenting to ED with SH.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages3
JournalEmergency Medicine Journal
Early online date25 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jun 2019

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