Prevalence and predictors of asymmetric hypertensive heart disease: insights from cardiac and aortic function with cardiovascular magnetic resonance

Jonathan C L Rodrigues, Antonio Matteo Amadu, Amardeep Ghosh Dastidar, Neelam Hassan, Stephen M Lyen, Christopher B Lawton, Laura E Ratcliffe, Amy E Burchell, Emma C Hart, Mark C K Hamilton, Julian F R Paton, Angus K Nightingale, Nathan E Manghat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

AIMS: We sought to determine the prevalence of asymmetric hypertensive heart disease (HHD) overlapping morphologically with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and to determine predictors of this pattern of hypertensive remodelling.

METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and fifty hypertensive patients underwent 1.5 T cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. Twenty-one patients were excluded due to concomitant cardiac pathology that may confound the hypertrophic response, e.g. myocardial infarction, moderate-severe valvular disease, or other cardiomyopathy. Asymmetric HHD was defined as a segmental wall thickness of ≥15 mm and >1.5-fold the opposing wall in ≥1 myocardial segments, measured from short-axis cine stack at end-diastole. Ambulatory blood pressure, myocardial replacement fibrosis, aortic distensibility and aortoseptal angle were investigated as predictors of asymmetric HHD by multivariate logistic regression. Out of 129 hypertensive subjects (age: 51 ± 15 years, 50% male, systolic blood pressure: 170 ± 30 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure: 97 ± 16 mmHg), asymmetric HHD occurred in 21%. Where present, maximal end-diastolic wall thickness (EDWT) was 17.8 ± 1.9 mm and located exclusively in the basal or mid septum. In asymmetric HHD, aortoseptal angle (114 ± 10° vs. 125 ± 9° vs. 123 ± 12°, P < 0.05, respectively) was significantly reduced compared to concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and compared to no LVH, respectively. Aortic distensibility in asymmetric HHD (1.01 ± 0.60 vs. 1.83 ± 1.65 mm(2)/mmHg × 10(3), P < 0.05, respectively) was significantly reduced compared to subjects with no LVH. Age (odds ratio [95th confidence interval]: 1.10 [1.02-1.18], P < 0.05) and indexed LV mass (1.09 [0.98-1.28], P < 0.0001) were significant, independent predictors of asymmetric HDD.

CONCLUSIONS: Asymmetric HHD morphologically overlapping with HCM, according to the current ESC guidelines, is common. Postulating a diagnosis of HCM on the basis of EDWT of ≥15 mm should be made with caution in the presence of arterial hypertension particular in male subjects with elevated LV mass.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjev329
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume17
Issue number12
Early online date24 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

Structured keywords

  • CRICBristol

Keywords

  • Hypertension
  • Hypertrophy
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance

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