Prevalence and risk factor analysis of feline haemoplasma infection in New Zealand domestic cats using a real-time PCR assay

Kathryn S Jenkins, Keren E Dittmer, Jonathan C Marshall, Séverine Tasker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Haemotropic mycoplasmas (haemoplasmas) are small epierythrocytic bacteria that have the potential to cause severe, life-threatening haemolytic anaemia. The aim of the current study was to evaluate feline haemoplasma prevalence using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from a convenience sample of New Zealand domestic cats, including blood film examination and a risk factor analysis. DNA was extracted from 200 blood samples submitted to a diagnostic laboratory for routine haematology over a 12-month period. Species-specific real-time PCR assays identified 62 cats that were positive for haemoplasma DNA, giving an overall prevalence of 31%. Twelve of the positive cats had dual infections. The prevalence of the three feline haemoplasmas was 25% for Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum', 7.5% for Mycoplasma haemofelis and 4.5% for Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis' (CMt). All samples were positive for an internal control (feline 28S rDNA) by real-time PCR. Sensitivity and specificity of blood smear examination for haemoplasma infection in this study was 9.7% and 97.8%, respectively. Retroviral infection was tested using the Idexx Snap Feline Triple test on all samples. Twenty cats (10%) were feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) positive and 11 cats (5.5%) were feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) positive. Statistical comparisons, using multivariate logistic regression, indicated that positive FIV status, male gender and non-pedigree breed were significantly (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1069
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • CANDIDATUS MYCOPLASMA-HAEMOMINUTUM
  • POLYMERASE-CHAIN-REACTION
  • HEMOTROPIC MYCOPLASMAS
  • HAEMOBARTONELLA-FELIS
  • HAEMOTROPIC MYCOPLASMAS
  • IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS
  • HEMOPLASMA INFECTIONS
  • CTENOCEPHALIDES-FELIS
  • PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS
  • RICKETTSIA-FELIS

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