Prevalence of tobacco use in selected Johannesburg suburbs

J A Teare, N Naicker, P Albers, A Mathee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

ackground. Tobacco smoking is estimated to kill more than 44 000 South Africans every year. Studies have shown that since the
introduction of tobacco control measures, national smoking prevalence has declined in South Africa (SA).
Objective. To determine the prevalence of tobacco smoking over a 7-year period in five impoverished neighbourhoods in Johannesburg, SA.
Methods. Data were collected through the annual administration of a prestructured questionnaire to one adult respondent in preselected
dwellings from 2006 to 2012. Information was collected on socioeconomic status, smoking practices and health status.
Results. Over the 7-year period of the analysis, smoking levels remained unchanged. The proportion of households with one or more
smokers varied significantly across the five study neighbourhoods. Approximately 20% of households in Hillbrow and as many as 77% in
Riverlea had a member who smoked.
Conclusions. Despite a national downward trend in smoking levels, tobacco use remains high and persistent in certain vulnerable
communities, requiring scaled-up action to reduce the risk of a range of tobacco-related diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-44
JournalSouth African Medical Journal
Volume108
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Tobacco smoking
  • Johannesburg
  • South Africa

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