Private Capacity of Quantum Channels is Not Additive

Ke Li, Andreas J Winter, XuBo Zou, GuangCan Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


Recently there has been considerable activity on the subject of the additivity of various quantum channel capacities. Here, we construct a family of channels with a sharply bounded classical and, hence, private capacity. On the other hand, their quantum capacity when combined with a zero private (and zero quantum) capacity erasure channel becomes larger than the previous classical capacity. As a consequence, we can conclude for the first time that the classical private capacity is nonadditive. In fact, in our construction even the quantum capacity of the tensor product of two channels can be greater than the sum of their individual classical private capacities. We show that this violation occurs quite generically: every channel can be embedded into our construction, and a violation occurs whenever the given channel has a larger entanglement-assisted quantum capacity than (unassisted) classical capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120501
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2009


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