Private video-consultation services and the future of primary care

Chris Salisbury, Anna Quigley, Nick Hex, Camille Aznar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
186 Downloads (Pure)


In many countries, private companies provide primary care services based predominantly on offering video-consultations via smartphone. One example is Babylon GP at Hand, which offers video-consultations to NHS patients, 24 hours a day, and has grown very rapidly in London over the last three years. The development of this type of service has been controversial, particularly in the United Kingdom, but there has been very little formal published evaluation of these services in any country. This article outlines the main controversies about the use of privately provided video-consultation services for primary care and shows how they are informed by the limited evaluations which have been conducted, particularly the evaluation of Babylon GP at Hand. The article outlines the advantages of these services in terms of convenience, speed of access, the ability to consult without travelling or face-to-face patient-doctor contact, and the possibility of recruiting doctors who cannot work in conventional settings or do not live near the patients. It also highlights the concerns and uncertainties about quality and safety, demand, fragmentation of care, the impact on other health services, efficiency, and equity. There are questions about whether private primary care services based on video-consultations have a sustainable business model and whether they will undermine other health care providers. During the recent Covid-19 pandemic the use of video-consulting has become more widespread within conventional primary care services, and this is likely to have lasting consequences for the future delivery of primary care. It is important to understand the extent to which lessons from the evaluation of Babylon GP at Hand and other private services based on a ‘video-first’ model are relevant to the use of video-consulting within conventional general practices, and to consider the advantages and disadvantages of these developments, before videoconsultation based services in primary care become more widely established.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere19415
Number of pages10
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • remote consultation
  • primary health care
  • general practice
  • delivery of health care
  • access to health care
  • mobile phone


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