Probing the cyclic transition state in the reaction O(P-3) plus alkyl iodides to form HOI: electronic, steric and thermodynamic factors influencing the reaction pathway

JP Reid*, CXW Qian, SR Leone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

Electronic, steric and thermodynamic factors governing the reaction of O(P-3) with alkyl iodides to yield HOI are probed by time-resolved Fourier transform infrared emission spectroscopy. The reaction to produce HOI is known to proceed through a cyclic 5-membered transition state. Steric effects are examined by studying the nascent vibrational distribution of the HOI product in the reactions of O(P-3) with cyclopentyl iodide and cyclohexyl iodide. Little effect of steric hindrance is observed with either of these reactants. A CF3 electron withdrawing group on the carbon in the beta-position to the iodine atom, probed by studying the precursor CH2ICH2CF3, weakens the C-H bond participating in the cyclic transition state and therefore diminishes the partitioning of vibrational energy into the HOI product. The cyclic 5-membered transition state occurs not only with saturated hydrocarbon chains, but also when either the H atom or the I atom is abstracted from an olefinic carbon site to yield an allene or acetylene product. This is explored by probing the reactions of O(P-3) with CH(2)2CHI and CH(2)2CHCH(2)I, vinyl and allyl iodide, respectively. The energetic driving force for these reactions is the formation of the carbon-carbon multiple bond in the corresponding product. If a strongly doubly bound product pathway is not available, such as in the reaction of O(P-3) with trimethyliodosilane, (CH3)(3)SiI, the reaction exothermicity is not sufficient to form vibrationally excited HOI. Preferential reaction through a 5-membered cyclic transition state to abstract an H atom from a carbon atom, rather than through a 6-membered ring by abstraction of an H atom from an oxygen atom, appears to be the mechanism in the reaction of O(P-3) with 2-iodoethanol, CH2ICH2OH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)853-860
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume2
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • TRANSFORM INFRARED-EMISSION
  • GAS-PHASE REACTIONS
  • DYNAMICS
  • ATOMS
  • RADICALS
  • ENERGY
  • CHEMILUMINESCENCE
  • DISTRIBUTIONS
  • COEFFICIENTS
  • ELIMINATION

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