Processing of Co-Reference in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Philippa Howard, Simon P. Liversedge, Valerie Benson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

178 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Accuracy for reading comprehension and inferencing tasks has previously been reported as reduced for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), relative to typically developing (TD) controls. In this study, we used an eye movements and reading paradigm to examine whether this difference in performance accuracy is underpinned by differences in the inferential work required to compute a co‐referential link. Participants read two sentences that contained a category noun (e.g., bird) that was preceded by and co‐referred to an exemplar that was either typical (e.g., pigeon) or atypical (e.g., penguin). Both TD and ASD participants showed an effect of typicality for gaze durations upon the category noun, with longer times being observed when the exemplar was atypical, in comparison to typical. No group differences or interactions were detected for target processing, and verbal language proficiency was found to predict general reading and inferential skill. The only difference between groups was that individuals with ASD engaged in more re‐reading than TD participants. These data suggest that readers with ASD do not differ in the efficiency with which they compute anaphoric links on‐line during reading
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1968-1980
Number of pages13
JournalAutism Research
Volume10
Issue number12
Early online date22 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Aug 2017

Structured keywords

  • SoE Centre for Psychological Approaches for Studying Education
  • SoE Language Literacies and Education Network

Keywords

  • reading
  • discourse
  • eye movements
  • co‐reference

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Processing of Co-Reference in Autism Spectrum Disorder'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this