Projected WIMP sensitivity of the LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) dark matter experiment

L. Kreczko, B. Krikler, B. Penning, The LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) Collaboration, et al.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

191 Citations (Scopus)
225 Downloads (Pure)


LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) is a next generation dark matter direct detection experiment that will operate 4850 feet underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in Lead, South Dakota, USA. Using a two-phase xenon detector with an active mass of 7 tonnes, LZ will search primarily for low-energy interactions with Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), which are hypothesized to make up the dark matter in our galactic halo. In this paper, the projected WIMP sensitivity of LZ is presented based on the latest background estimates and simulations of the detector. For a 1000 live day run using a 5.6 tonne fiducial mass, LZ is projected to exclude at 90% confidence level spin-independent WIMP-nucleon cross sections above $1.6 \times 10^{-48}$ cm$^{2}$ for a 40 $\mathrm{GeV}/c^{2}$ mass WIMP. Additionally, a $5\sigma$ discovery potential is projected reaching cross sections below the existing and projected exclusion limits of similar experiments that are currently operating. For spin-dependent WIMP-neutron(-proton) scattering, a sensitivity of $2.7 \times 10^{-43}$ cm$^{2}$ ($8.1 \times 10^{-42}$ cm$^{2}$) for a 40 $\mathrm{GeV}/c^{2}$ mass WIMP is expected. With construction well underway, LZ is on track for underground installation at SURF in 2019 and will start collecting data in 2020.
Original languageEnglish
Article number052002
Number of pages17
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2020


  • astro-ph.IM
  • astro-ph.CO
  • hep-ex
  • physics.ins-det


Dive into the research topics of 'Projected WIMP sensitivity of the LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) dark matter experiment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this