Prospective CSEP evaluation of 1-Day, 3-month, and 5-Yr earthquake forecasts for Italy

Matteo Taroni, Warner Marzocchi, Danijel Schorlemmer, Maximilian Werner, S. Wiemer, Jeremy D. Zechar, Lukas Heiniger, Fabian Euchner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
214 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In 2009, the global Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) launched three experiments to forecast the distribution of earthquakes in Italy in the subsequent 5 yrs. CSEP solicited forecasts for seismicity tomorrow, in the next three months, and for the entire 5 yrs. In those 5 yrs, the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) recorded 83 target earthquakes with local magnitude 3:95 =M <4:95, and 14 larger shocks. The results show that 1-day forecasts are consistent with the number and magnitudes of the target earthquakes, and one version of the epidemic-type aftershock sequence (ETAS) model is also consistent with the spatial distribution; ensemble forecasts, which we created for the 1-day experiment, are consistent with the number, locations, and magnitudes of the target earthquakes, and they perform as well as the best model; none of the 3-month time-independent models produce consistent forecasts; the best 5-yr models account for the fault distribution and the historical seismicity; and 5-yr models based on instrumental seismicity and b-value spatial variation show poor forecasting performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1251-1261
Number of pages11
JournalSeismological Research Letters
Volume89
Issue number4
Early online date13 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Earthquake
  • Seismology
  • earthquake forecasting and testing
  • probabilistic forecasting
  • Seismic hazard

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prospective CSEP evaluation of 1-Day, 3-month, and 5-Yr earthquake forecasts for Italy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this