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The presence of a spin-flip potential at the interface between a superconductor and a ferromagnetic metal allows for the generation of equal-spin spin-triplet Cooper pairs. These Cooper pairs are compatible with the exchange interaction within the ferromagnetic region and hence allow for the long-range proximity effect through a ferromagnet or half-metal. One suitable spin-flip potential is provided by incorporating the conical magnet Holmium (Ho) into the interface. The conical magnetic structure is characterised by an opening angle alpha with respect to the crystal c-axis and a turning (or pitch) angle beta measuring the rotation of magnetisation with respect to the adjacent layers. Here, we present results showing the influence of conical magnet interface layers with varying alpha and beta on the efficiency of the generation of equal-spin spin-triplet pairing. The results are obtained by self-consistent solutions of the microscopic Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations in the clean limit within a tight-binding model of the heterostructure. In particular, the dependence of unequal-spin and equal-spin spin-triplet pairing correlations on the conical magnetic angles alpha and beta are discussed in detail.
- superconducting junctions
- FERROMAGNET/SUPERCONDUCTOR LAYERED STRUCTURES
- proximity effect