Pyrethroid resistance in Aedes aegypti from Grand Cayman

Angela F. Harris, Shavanthi Rajatileka, Hilary Ranson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

156 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Grand Cayman population of Aedes aegypti is highly resistant to DDT and pyrethroid insecticides. Glutathione transferase, cytochrome P450, and esterase levels were increased in the Grand Cayman population relative to a susceptible laboratory strain, but synergist studies did not implicate elevated insecticide detoxification as a major cause of resistance. The role of target site resistance was therefore investigated. Two substitutions in the voltage-gated sodium channel were identified, V1016I in domain II, segment 6 (IIS6) (allele frequency = 0.79) and F1534C in IIIS6 (allele frequency = 0.68). The role of the F1534C mutation in conferring resistance to insecticides has not been previously established and so a tetraplex polymerase chain reaction assay was designed and used to genotype mosquitoes that had been exposed to insecticides. The F1534C mutation was strongly correlated with resistance to DDT and permethrin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-284
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2010

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