Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction in Adults Treated for a Cleft Lip and Palate: A Qualitative Analysis

Isabelle F. P. M. Kappen*, Gerhard K. P. Bittermann, Nicola Marie Stock, Aebele B. Mink van der Molen, Corstiaan C. Breugem, Henriette F. N. Swanenburg de Veye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Long-term outcomes of patients born with a cleft lip and palate (CLP) are scarcely investigated. Yet, this patient group is of particular interest, as they can provide a valuable retrospective view upon their treatment experiences and psychological adjustment. Qualitative accounts may be especially useful in understanding the patient journey.

Design: The present study set out to evaluate quality of life and satisfaction with treatment in adult patients previously treated for CLP at the Wilhelmina Children’s Hospital. Semistructured interviews were performed.

Patients: A total of 22 patients aged 17 to 35 years (mean: 25 years) were interviewed about their experiences of growing up with CLP and of the treatment they received. Interviews were audio-recorded and factors thought to influence psychological adjustment were identified.

Results: Four main themes were identified: background factors, support systems, treatment factors, and coping/internal factors. Each theme was described with illustrative quotes.

Conclusion: This study underlines that psychological adjustment can fluctuate over time and greatly differs between individuals, even during adulthood. Psychological support should therefore be available beyond the finalization of the treatment course. Furthermore, the majority of participants stated they had wanted more psychological support as a child to facilitate resilience and to help them cope with challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1171-1180
Number of pages10
JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Issue number9
Early online date24 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

The acceptance date for this record is provisional and based upon the month of publication for the article.


  • adult
  • cleft lip and palate
  • patient satisfaction
  • qualitative
  • quality of life


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