Quantum transport in a low-density periodic potential: homogenisation via homogeneous flows

Jory Griffin, Jens Marklof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

We show that the time evolution of a quantum wavepacket in a periodic
potential converges in a combined high-frequency/Boltzmann-Grad limit, up to second order in the coupling constant, to terms that are compatible with the linear Boltzmann equation. This complements results of Eng and Erdös for low-density random potentials, where convergence to the linear Boltzmann equation is proved in all orders. We conjecture, however, that the linear Boltzmann equation fails in the periodic setting for terms of order four and higher. Our proof uses Floquet-Bloch theory, multi-variable theta series and equidistribution theorems for homogeneous flows. Compared with other scaling limits traditionally considered in homogenisation theory, the Boltzmann-Grad limit requires control of the quantum dynamics for longer times, which are inversely proportional to the total scattering cross section of the single-site potential.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-614
Number of pages45
JournalPure and Applied Analysis
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2019

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