Rapamycin-induced modulation of miRNA expression is associated with amelioration of HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN)

Kang Cheng, Partab Rai, Andrei Plagov, Xiqian Lan, Peter W Mathieson, Moin A Saleem, Mohammad Husain, Ashwani Malhotra, Pravin C Singhal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies suggested that miRNAs are involved in the development of the pathogenesis of HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN). Rapamycin, a widely used mTOR inhibitor, has been demonstrated to slow down the progression of HIVAN. However, the role of miRNA in the regulation of these processes has not been investigated so far. In the current study, we have used a microarray-based approach in combination with real-time PCR to profile the miRNA expression patterns in rapamycin-treated HIVAN mice (Tg26). Our results demonstrated that 19 miRNAs belonging to 13 different families expressed differentially in renal tissues of rapamycin-receiving Tg26 mice when compared to Tg26 mice-receiving saline only. The patterns of miRNAs expression in rapamycin-receiving Tg26 mice took a reverse turn. These miRNAs were classified into 8 functional categories. In in vitro studies, we examined the expression of specific miRNAs in HIV-1 transduced human podocytes (HIV/HPs). HIV/HPs displayed attenuation of expression of miR-99a, -100a, -199a and miR-200, whereas, rapamycin inhibited this effect of HIV. These findings suggest that rapamycin-mediated up-regulation of specific miRNAs could contribute to amelioration of renal lesions in HIVAN mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2073-80
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume319
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2013

Keywords

  • AIDS-Associated Nephropathy
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Disease Progression
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • HIV-1
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • MicroRNAs
  • Sirolimus

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