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Rape, inequality and the criminal justice response in England: the importance of age and gender

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Rape, inequality and the criminal justice response in England : the importance of age and gender. / Walker, Sarah-Jane; Hester, Marianne; McPhee, Duncan; Patsios, Demi.

In: Criminology and Criminal Justice, 16.07.2019.

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@article{359199706e7d40058bc6058976f6ff5b,
title = "Rape, inequality and the criminal justice response in England: the importance of age and gender",
abstract = "This article draws upon quantitative and content analysis of 585 reports of rape recorded within two police force areas in England in 2010 and in 2014 tracking individual incidents to eventual outcome to examine the impact, if any, of intersecting inequalities on trajectories of rape cases reported to police. The data was collected as part of the wider ESRC funded Justice, Inequality and Gender-Based Violence research project which examined victim-survivorexperiences and perspectives on justice. Building on existing distinctions between types of rape case based on the relationship between victim-survivor and accused (Hester and Lilley 2017) the results suggest age and gender are significant factors in how sexual violence, and the criminal justice system (CJS), is experienced. While younger women and girls were disproportionately affected by certain types of sexual violence case and more likely to come into contact with the CJS compared to men and older women, they were not necessarily morelikely to achieve a conviction. The findings also confirm that some of the most vulnerable victims-survivors of sexual violence, especially those with poor mental health, are still not achieving criminal justice. Victims-survivors from BME or LGBTQ+ groups are underrepresented within the CJS, implying these groups are not seeking a criminal justice response in the same way as ‘white’ heterosexual victims-survivors.",
keywords = "age, criminal justice, inequality, rape, sexual violence",
author = "Sarah-Jane Walker and Marianne Hester and Duncan McPhee and Demi Patsios",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1177/1748895819863095",
language = "English",
journal = "Criminology and Criminal Justice",
issn = "1748-8958",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Rape, inequality and the criminal justice response in England

T2 - the importance of age and gender

AU - Walker, Sarah-Jane

AU - Hester, Marianne

AU - McPhee, Duncan

AU - Patsios, Demi

PY - 2019/7/16

Y1 - 2019/7/16

N2 - This article draws upon quantitative and content analysis of 585 reports of rape recorded within two police force areas in England in 2010 and in 2014 tracking individual incidents to eventual outcome to examine the impact, if any, of intersecting inequalities on trajectories of rape cases reported to police. The data was collected as part of the wider ESRC funded Justice, Inequality and Gender-Based Violence research project which examined victim-survivorexperiences and perspectives on justice. Building on existing distinctions between types of rape case based on the relationship between victim-survivor and accused (Hester and Lilley 2017) the results suggest age and gender are significant factors in how sexual violence, and the criminal justice system (CJS), is experienced. While younger women and girls were disproportionately affected by certain types of sexual violence case and more likely to come into contact with the CJS compared to men and older women, they were not necessarily morelikely to achieve a conviction. The findings also confirm that some of the most vulnerable victims-survivors of sexual violence, especially those with poor mental health, are still not achieving criminal justice. Victims-survivors from BME or LGBTQ+ groups are underrepresented within the CJS, implying these groups are not seeking a criminal justice response in the same way as ‘white’ heterosexual victims-survivors.

AB - This article draws upon quantitative and content analysis of 585 reports of rape recorded within two police force areas in England in 2010 and in 2014 tracking individual incidents to eventual outcome to examine the impact, if any, of intersecting inequalities on trajectories of rape cases reported to police. The data was collected as part of the wider ESRC funded Justice, Inequality and Gender-Based Violence research project which examined victim-survivorexperiences and perspectives on justice. Building on existing distinctions between types of rape case based on the relationship between victim-survivor and accused (Hester and Lilley 2017) the results suggest age and gender are significant factors in how sexual violence, and the criminal justice system (CJS), is experienced. While younger women and girls were disproportionately affected by certain types of sexual violence case and more likely to come into contact with the CJS compared to men and older women, they were not necessarily morelikely to achieve a conviction. The findings also confirm that some of the most vulnerable victims-survivors of sexual violence, especially those with poor mental health, are still not achieving criminal justice. Victims-survivors from BME or LGBTQ+ groups are underrepresented within the CJS, implying these groups are not seeking a criminal justice response in the same way as ‘white’ heterosexual victims-survivors.

KW - age

KW - criminal justice

KW - inequality

KW - rape

KW - sexual violence

U2 - 10.1177/1748895819863095

DO - 10.1177/1748895819863095

M3 - Article

JO - Criminology and Criminal Justice

JF - Criminology and Criminal Justice

SN - 1748-8958

ER -