Real-space multiple scattering theory for superconductors with impurities

Tom G. Saunderson*, Zsolt Győrgypál, James F. Annett, Gábor Csire, Balázs Újfalussy, Martin Gradhand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

We implement the Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) equation in real-space using the screened Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (KKR) method. This allows us to solve, self-consistently, the superconducting state for 3d crystals including substitutional impurities with a full normal-state DFT band structure. We apply the theoretical framework to bulk Nb with impurities. Without impurities, Nb has an anisotropic gap structure with two distinct peaks around the Fermi level. In the presence of non-magnetic impurities those peaks are broadened due to the scattering between the two bulk superconducting gaps, however the peaks remain separated. As a second example of self-consistent real-space solutions of the BdG equations we examine superconducting clusters embedded within a non-superconducting bulk metallic host. This allows us to estimate the coherence length of the superconductor and we show that, within our framework, the coherence length of the superconductor is related to the inverse of the gap size, just as in bulk BCS theory.
Original languageEnglish
Article number245106
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

9pages, 15 figures

Keywords

  • cond-mat.supr-con
  • cond-mat.str-el

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