Realism, Moralism, Models and Institutions

Christopher D I Bertram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
361 Downloads (Pure)


This paper distinguishes between three methodologies for thinking about justice: principle-based, model-based and ‘realist’, concentrating mainly on the differences between the first two. Both model-based and realist approaches pride themselves on taking institutions seriously and argue that institutions make a fundamental difference to justice. This claim is at best not proven, and it may be possible to account for the difference that institutions make to what justice requires whilst retaining a non-institutional account of what justice is.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-199
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of International Political Theory
Issue number2
Early online date2 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • justice
  • ideal-theory
  • non-ideal theory
  • moralism
  • realism
  • cosmopolitanism

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