Recapitulation of morphogenetic cell shape changes enables wound re-epithelialisation

William Razzell, Will Wood, Paul Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wound repair is a fundamental, conserved mechanism for maintaining tissue homeostasis and shares many parallels with embryonic morphogenesis. Small wounds in simple epithelia rapidly assemble a contractile actomyosin cable at their leading edge, as well as dynamic filopodia that finally knit the wound edges together. Most studies of wound re-epithelialisation have focused on the actin machineries that assemble in the leading edge of front row cells and that resemble the contractile mechanisms that drive morphogenetic episodes, including Drosophila dorsal closure, but, clearly, multiple cell rows back must also contribute for efficient repair of the wound. Here, we examine the role of cells back from the wound edge and show that they also stretch towards the wound and cells anterior-posterior to the wound edge rearrange their junctions with neighbours to drive cell intercalation events. This process in anterior-posterior cells is active and dependent on pulses of actomyosin that lead to ratcheted shrinkage of junctions; the actomyosin pulses are targeted to breaks in the cell polarity protein Par3 at cell vertices. Inhibiting actomyosin dynamics back from the leading edge prevents junction shrinkage and inhibits the wound edge from advancing. These events recapitulate cell rearrangements that occur during germband extension, in which intercalation events drive the elongation of tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1814-1820
Number of pages7
JournalDevelopment (Cambridge)
Volume141
Issue number9
Early online date22 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Cell Polarity
  • Cell Shape
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Epithelium
  • Intercellular Junctions
  • Morphogenesis
  • Myosins
  • Wound Healing

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