Reducing delay and jitter for real-time control communication in Ethernet

Mohamad K Ishak, Guido Herrmann, Martin Pearson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


The aim of this paper is to develop an approach for cheap and deterministic control communication using Ethernet. A half-duplex Ethernet network populated with a small/medium number of Media Access Controllers (MACs) is used for timed real-time communication. Data packages are sent at well defined times to avoid collisions. Collisions mainly occur due to jitter of the transmitter system, so that arbitration (similar to CANopen) is necessary. In this paper, simulation models using a Binary Exponential Backoff (BEB) scheme and a Linear Backoff scheme are developed. This paper analyzes and investigates how the backoff time affects the performance of the Carrier Sense Multiple Access protocol with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) in a basic Media Access Controller (MAC), in terms of data arrival characteristics, i.e jitter and delay. We propose to assign different minimal back-off times for each of the CSMA/CD controller units to minimize packet collisions. Simulated tests show the advantage of our approach over a standard CSMA/CD setting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages8
JournalICACT Transactions on Advanced Communications Technology(TACT)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
Event2012 14th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT) - PyeongChang, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 19 Feb 201222 Feb 2012


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