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Reducing steam transport pipe temperatures in power plants

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-141
Number of pages15
Early online date12 Jun 2019
DateAccepted/In press - 8 Jun 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print - 12 Jun 2019
DatePublished (current) - 15 Sep 2019


A cycle analysis has been applied to a model of a advanced ultra-supercritical steam plant with novel steam pipes. The transfer pipes proposed incorporate internal thermal coatings and are externally jacketed to enable cooling. This enables higher temperature working steam, while keeping the pipe wall temperature below the acceptable limit for more conventional steel alloys and avoiding the need to use higher cost austenitic stainless steels and nickel base alloys. The baseline design had a superheat temperature of 700C and a reheat temperature of 720C. A thermal coating thickness of 2.8 mm is sufficient to keep the wall temperatures of the steam transfer pipe after the supercritical boiler below 600C. For the transfer pipe located after the reheater a thicker coating or less ambitious reheat temperature is required to achieve acceptable pipe wall temperatures. Whereas subcritical plant has a calculated cycle efficiency of 42.1%, the elevated temperature and pressure in a customary ultra-supercritical steam boost cycle efficiency to 52.2%. Modifying this design with a thermal barrier lowers the cycle efficiency to 51.4%, still appreciably better than for subcritical plant. Alternative plant cooling arrangements might improve pipe temperatures but have minimal impact on overall cycle efficiency.

    Research areas

  • Advanced ultra-supercritical plant, Thermal barrier coatings, Cycle efficiency, Pipe wall temperatures, Steel pipes



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    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 5.54 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 12/06/20

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    Licence: CC BY-NC-ND


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