Reduction of early vein graft thrombosis by tissue plasminogen activator gene transfer

AC Thomas, MJ Wyatt, AC Newby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vein grafts are used to bypass coronary arterial stenosis, but many grafts thrombose soon after surgery. A model was developed in the pig to allow continuous measurement of blood flow and production of flow-restricting thrombi (cyclic flow reductions; CFRs). Saphenous vein lumen was exposed to adenovirus ex vivo, to over-express human tissue plasminogen activator (h-tPA), with beta-galactosidase adenovirus as a control. The vein segments were engrafted into carotid arteries and examined 0, 1 or 3 days later (4-7 animals/group). Untransduced grafts examined on the day of surgery developed repeated CFRs at both normal and restricted flow, but their frequency declined in grafts examined after 3 days. Adenovirus transduction was evident as beta-galactosidase or h-tPA expression 1 day after engraftment. Blood flow was increased 1.4-fold in h-tPA transduced grafts after 1 day [control 390 (280-510), h-tPA 550 (450-660) ml/min; p=0.02 (expressed as mean (95% confidence intervals)]. CFRs were less severe (p=0.002) in the h-tPA transduced grafts than beta-galactosidase-transduced grafts. CFRs were also less frequent in unstenosed undamaged h-tPA grafts [control 17 (6.1-29), h-tPA 7.6 (1.7-14) CFR/hr; p=0.02], but this difference was reduced after damage or stenosis. CFRs formed faster in h-tPA than in beta-galactosidase-transduced grafts [control 14 (11-17), h-tPA 23 (19-27) ml/min(2); p
Translated title of the contributionReduction of early vein graft thrombosis by tissue plasminogen activator gene transfer
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145 - 152
Number of pages8
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume102(1)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Schattauer

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