Redundant role of ASK1-mediated p38MAPK activation in human platelet function

Kamila M. Sledz, Samantha F. Moore, Vijayasameerah Vijayaragavan, Shahida Mallah, Lucy J. Goudswaard, Christopher M. Williams, Roger W. Hunter, Ingeborg Hers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a member of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) family, which recently has been implicated in the regulation of p38 MAPK/PLA2/thromboxane (TxA2) generation, as well as P2Y12 signalling in murine platelets. ASK1 has therefore been proposed as a potential target for anti-thrombotic therapy. At present it is unknown whether ASK1 also contributes to TxA2 formation and platelet function in human. In this study we therefore examined the role of ASK1 using the ASK1 inhibitor selonsertib (GS-4997). We established that ASK1 is responsible for p38 phosphorylation and TxA2 formation in murine platelets, with both GS4997 and p38 inhibitors reducing TxA2 formation. Similar to murine platelets, activation of human platelets resulted in the rapid and transient phosphorylation of ASK1 and the MAP2Ks MMK3/4/6. In contrast, phosphorylation of p38 and its substrate; MAPKAP-kinase2 (MAPKAPK2) was much more sustained. In keeping with these findings, inhibition of ASK1 blocked early, but not later p38/MAPKAPK2 phosphorylation. The latter was dependent on non-canonical autophosphorylation as it was blocked by the p38 inhibitor; SB203580 and the SYK inhibitor; R406. Furthermore, ASK1 and p38 inhibitors had no effect on PLA2 phosphorylation, TxA2 formation and platelet aggregation, demonstrating that this pathway is redundant in human platelets. Together, these results demonstrate that ASK1 contributes to TxA2 formation in murine, but not human platelets and highlight the importance of confirming findings from genetic murine models in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109528
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume68
Early online date7 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

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