Reflections on using secondary analyses to investigate intervention-generated-inequalities in systematic reviews

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

Abstract

Systematic reviews are used in public health to assess the effectiveness of interventions that may target health outcomes and behaviors. They provide one resource that researchers can use to investigate ‘intervention-generated-inequalities’, by determining whether interventions are of greater benefit to advantaged groups in the population. This case study reflects on a secondary analysis of studies included in two Cochrane systematic reviews to see if interventions affect the outcomes differently for participants dependent on their socioeconomic background. Through conducting subgroup analyses of a selection of studies, I investigated whether public health interventions increase or decrease inequalities among adolescents. There are a number of challenges to this approach, including accessing the necessary data and lack of reporting of demographic characteristics needed to investigate inequalities.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAGE Research Methods Cases
Subtitle of host publication Medicine & Health
PublisherSAGE Publications Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781529741599
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • inequality
  • inequalities
  • public health
  • risk behaviours
  • forests
  • adolescents at risk
  • keeping track
  • population
  • free schools

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