Regulation of protein kinase B and glycogen synthase kinase-3 by insulin and beta-adrenergic agonists in rat epididymal fat cells - Activation of protein kinase B by wortmannin-sensitive and -insensittve mechanisms

SK Moule*, GI Welsh, NJ Edgell, EJ Foulstone, CG Proud, RM Denton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

Previous studies using L6 myotubes have suggested that glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is phosphoryl ated and inactivated in response to insulin by protein kinase B (PKB, also known as Akt or RAG) (Cross, D, A, E., Alessi, D, R., Cohen, P., Andjelkovic, M., and Hemmings, B, A. (1995) Nature 378, 785-789), In the present study, marked increases in the activity of PKB have been shown to occur in insulin-treated rat epididymal fat cells with a time course compatible with the observed decrease in GSK-3 activity, Isoproterenol, acting primarily through beta(3)-adrenoreceptors, was found to decrease GSK-3 activity to a similar extent (approximately 50%) to insulin, However, unlike the effect of insulin, the inhibition of GSK by isoproterenol was not found to be sensitive to inhibition by the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase inhibitors, wortmannin or LY 294002, The change in GSK-3 activity brought about by isoproterenol could not be mimicked by the addition of permeant cyclic AMP analogues or forskolin to the cells, although at the concentrations used, these agents were able to stimulate lipolysis. Isoproterenol, but again not the cyclic AMP analogues, was found to increase the activity of PKB, although to a lesser extent than insulin. While wortmannin abolished the stimulation of PKB activity by insulin, it was without effect on the activation seen in response to isoproterenol, The activation of PKB by isoproterenol was not accompanied by any detectable change in the electrophoretic mobility of the protein on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It would therefore appear that distinct mechanisms exist for the stimulation of PKB by insulin and isoproterenol in rat fat cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7713-7719
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 1997

Keywords

  • RABBIT SKELETAL-MUSCLE
  • PHOSPHOSERINE RESIDUES INVIVO
  • PLECKSTRIN HOMOLOGY DOMAIN
  • EPIDERMAL GROWTH-FACTOR
  • PHOSPHOINOSITIDE 3-KINASE
  • GAMMA-SUBUNITS
  • ALPHA-ISOFORM
  • S6 KINASE
  • PHOSPHORYLATION
  • ADIPOCYTES

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