Regulation of the glutamate transporter EAAT4 by PIkfyve

IS Alesutan, ON Ureche, J Laufer, F Klaus, A Zürn, R Lindner, N Strutz-Seebohm, JM Tavaré, C Boehmer, M Palmada, UE Lang, G Seebohm, F Lang

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The excitatory amino-acid transporter EAAT4 (SLC1A6), a Na+,glutamate cotransporter expressed mainly in Purkinje cells, serves to clear glutamate from the synaptic cleft. EAAT4 activity is stimulated by the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK1. SGK1-dependent regulation of the Na+,glucose transporter SGLT1 (SLC5A1) and the creatine transporter CreaT (SLC6A8) has recently been shown to involve the mammalian phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate-5-kinase PIKfyve (PIP5K3). The present experiments thus explored whether SGK1-dependent EAAT4-regulation similarly involves PIKfyve. In Xenopus oocytes expressing EAAT4, but not in water injected oocytes, glutamate induced a current which was significantly enhanced by coexpression of PIKfyve and SGK1. The glutamate induced current in Xenopus oocytes coexpressing EAAT4 and both, PIKfyve and SGK1, was significantly larger than the current in Xenopus oocytes expressing EAAT4 together with either kinase alone. Coexpression of the inactive SGK1 mutant K127NSGK1 did not significantly alter glutamate induced current in EAAT4-expressing Xenopus oocytes and abolished the stimulation of glutamate induced current by coexpression of PIKfyve. The stimulating effect of PIKfyve was abrogated by replacement of the serine with alanine in the SGK consensus sequence (S318APIKfyve). Furthermore, coexpression of S318APIKfyve significantly blunted the stimulating effect of SGK1 on EAAT4 activity. The observations disclose that PIKfyve indeed participates in the regulation of EAAT4.
Translated title of the contributionRegulation of the glutamate transporter EAAT4 by PIkfyve
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187 - 194
Number of pages8
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume25 (2-3)
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

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