Relational reasoning with derived comparative relations: A novel model of transitive inference

Anita Munnelly, Simon Dymond*, Elanor C. Hinton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A behavior-analytic model of transitive inference (TI) as relational reasoning with derived comparative relations is outlined. Following nonarbitrary relational training and testing to establish contextual functions of "more than" (>) and "less than" (D>C>B>A: All-Less: AA, C>B, D>C and E>D) and one-step (AA, D>B and E>C) and two-srep (AA and E>B) combinatorially entailed relations. Performance accuracy on the trained and inferential tasks was uniformly high across both groups, with no significant differences observed. In both groups, however, performance accuracy differed significantly on one-step and two-step combinatorially entailed tasks involving the same or different relation to that trained. The present findings demonstrate complex relational reasoning with derived comparative relations, replicate several key effects from the literature on TI and have potential implications for the development of a contemporary behavior-analytic account of TI. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-17
Number of pages10
JournalBehavioural Processes
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

Structured keywords

  • Brain and Behaviour

Keywords

  • Derived comparative relations
  • Less than
  • More than
  • Transitive inference
  • Reasoning
  • STIMULUS RELATIONS
  • YOUNG-CHILDREN
  • LESS-THAN
  • PERFORMANCE
  • AWARENESS
  • HUMANS
  • MEMORY
  • ACCORDANCE
  • TRANSFORMATION
  • HIPPOCAMPUS

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