Relationship between exposure to the Avahan intervention and levels of reported condom use among men who have sex with men in southern India

Kate M. Mitchell*, Anna M. Foss, Banadakoppa M. Ramesh, Reynold Washington, Shajy Isac, Holly J. Prudden, Kathleen N. Deering, James F. Blanchard, Stephen Moses, Catherine M. Lowndes, Marie Claude Boily, Michel Alary, Peter Vickerman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: The Avahan intervention promotes consistent (100%) condom use amongst men who have sex with men in southern India. We assessed how condom use varies with intervention exposure for men who have sex with men in Bangalore. Methods: Self-reported condom use and intervention exposure data were derived from a cross-sectional survey. Consistent condom use and condom use at last sex act with all, main, and casual male sex partners were assessed. Binary and continuous variables reflecting intervention exposure (including contact(s) with intervention staff, receiving condoms and seeing condom demonstrations) were used. Multivariable logistic regression was employed to assess the relationship between condom use with each type of partner and each exposure variable independently, controlling for socio-demographic and behavioural factors associated with condom use or intervention exposure. Results: Condom use with all partners was higher among those who had ever been contacted by, received condoms from, or seen a condom demonstration by intervention staff (adjusted odds ratio >2, p < 0.02 for all). Consistent condom use with all types of partner increased with the number of condom demonstrations seen in the last month (adjusted odds ratio = 2.1 per demonstration, p < 0.025), while condom use at last sex act with a casual (but not main) partner increased with the number of condoms received from the intervention (adjusted odds ratio = 1.4 per condom, p = 0.04). Conclusions: Direct contact with Avahan program staff is associated with increased reported condom use among men who have sex with men in Bangalore. Reported consistent condom use and condom use at last sex act are associated with contacts involving demonstrations of correct condom use, and with receiving condoms, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1245
Number of pages12
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Bangalore
  • Condom demonstration
  • Condom use at last sex act
  • Consistent condom use
  • Cross-sectional study
  • Key population
  • Logistic regression

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