Relationship between maxillary central incisor proportions and facial proportions

Sapna Radia, Martyn Sherriff, Fraser McDonald, Farhad B Naini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: No universally accepted parameter exists for selecting maxillary central incisors (MCIs) relative to facial proportions.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective clinical study was to determine the relationship between MCIs and facial height and width in adults, intersex differences, and measurement differences between right and left MCI.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study was undertaken of 149 dental students (F:76; M:73) aged between 18 and 30 years. Anthropometric MCI and horizontal and vertical facial measurements were recorded with digital calipers by 1 operator. Correlation was investigated with Pearson correlation coefficients (α=.05). Two-sample t tests were used for intersex comparisons and paired t tests to compare right and left MCIs. Intraexaminer reliability was tested by remeasuring 25 participants and applying the Bland-Altman and Lin analyses.

RESULTS: The mean MCI height was 10.28 mm (right and left) and the mean widths were 8.65 mm (right) and 8.66 mm (left). Intersex incisor differences existed for height measurements (M:F 0.54 mm [right], 0.46 mm [left]) and width measurements (M:F 0.26 mm) but not for width-to-height ratios (F=0.85; M=0.84). A mean ratio of 15.56 was found between bizygomatic width:tooth width (M=15.75, F=15.37) and of 17.93 between total face height:MCI height (M=17.97, F=17.89). Correlation coefficients were low for all tooth:face measurements. Intraexaminer reliability was clinically acceptable.

CONCLUSIONS: Men had larger teeth and faces but similar width:height ratios. There was no significant size difference between right and left MCI, little individual relationship between tooth:face proportions, and insignificant sex influence. The "biometric ratio"' of 1:16 for MCI:bizygomatic width was not reconfirmed exactly. A ratio of 1:18 is proposed for MCI height to total face height (Tr-Me') and 1:12 for face height (N'-Me').

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)741-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • Journal Article

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