Relative growth of invasive and indigenous tilapiine cichlid fish in Tanzania

S. J. Bradbeer*, B.P. Ngatunga, G. F. Turner, M. J. Genner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Non-native species have been widely distributed across Africa for the enhancement of capture fisheries, but it can be unclear what benefits in terms of fisheries production the non-native species bring compared to native species. Here we compared the relative growth rate of sympatric populations of non-native Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) to native Oreochromis jipe (Jipe tilapia) in three waterbodies in northern Tanzania. Using scale increments as a proxy for growth, we found that O. niloticus had a high growth rate relative to O. jipe, with the highest O. niloticus growth rates being observed in Nyumba ya Mungu reservoir. These results help to explain why O. niloticus may be a superior competitor to native species in some circumstances. However, further introductions of this non-native species should be undertaken with caution given potential for negative ecological impacts on threatened indigenous tilapia species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-381
Number of pages5
JournalAfrican Journal of Aquatic Science
Volume45
Issue number3
Early online date25 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 May 2020

Bibliographical note

The acceptance date for this record is provisional.

Keywords

  • aquaculture
  • growth
  • fisheries production
  • Oreochromis
  • tilapia
  • Jipe tilapia
  • Nile tilapia

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