Reliability and responsiveness of virtual portion size creation tasks: Influences of context, foods, and a bariatric surgical procedure

Jeon Hamm*, Jany Dotel, Shoran Tamura, Ari Shechter, Musya Herzog, Jeffrey Michael Brunstrom, Jeanine Albu, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Blandine Laferrère, Harry R. Kissileff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

Food portion size influences energy intake, and sustained high-energy intake often leads to obesity. Virtual portion creation tasks (VPCTs), in which a participant creates portions of food on a computer screen, predict intake in healthy individuals. The objective of this study was to determine whether portions created in VPCTs are stable over time (test-retest reliability) and responsive to factors known to influence food intake, such as eating contexts and food types, and to determine if virtual portions can predict weight loss. Patients with obesity scheduled for bariatric surgery (n=29), and individuals with a normal BMI (18.5-24.9 kg/m 2 , controls, n=29), were instructed to create virtual portions of eight snack foods, which varied in energy density (low and high) and taste (sweet and salty). Portions were created in response to the following eating situations, or “contexts”: What they would a) eat to stay healthy ( healthy ), b) typically eat ( typical ), c) eat to feel comfortably satisfied ( satisfied ), d) consider the most that they could tolerate eating ( maximum ), and e) eat if nothing was limiting them ( desired ). Tasks were completed before and 3 months after surgery in patients, and at two visits, 3 months apart, in controls. Body weight (kg) was recorded at both visits. Virtual portions differed significantly across groups, visits, eating contexts, energy densities (low vs. high), and tastes (sweet vs. salty). Portions created by controls did not change over time while portions created by patients decreased significantly after surgery, for all contexts except healthy . For patients, desired and healthy portions predicted 3-month weight loss. VPCTs are replicable, responsive to foods and eating contexts, and predict surgical weight loss. These tasks could be useful for individual assessment of expectations of amounts that are eaten in health and disease and for prediction of weight loss.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113001
Number of pages12
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume223
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2 Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

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Structured keywords

  • Physical and Mental Health
  • Nutrition and Behaviour

Keywords

  • obesity
  • bariatric surgery
  • portion size
  • food choice
  • energy density
  • sweet
  • weight loss

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    Hamm, J., Dotel, J., Tamura, S., Shechter, A., Herzog, M., Brunstrom, J. M., Albu, J., Pi-Sunyer, X., Laferrère, B., & Kissileff, H. R. (Accepted/In press). Reliability and responsiveness of virtual portion size creation tasks: Influences of context, foods, and a bariatric surgical procedure. Physiology and Behavior, 223, [113001]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.113001